The amount of ceramic tile used in your bathroom remodeling project depends on whether you want to make a statement, how often the bathroom is used and remodeling budget. When you are planning your bathroom remodeling project, you must decide what parts of the bathroom you will install ceramic tile. It's important to do this, because where you decide to tile dictates the type of bathroom underlayment. What parts of the bathroom require ceramic tile? Certain parts of your bathroom should have ceramic tile. These include the areas within the shower or bath tub area and the floor. The areas will also require a waterproof underlayment such as Durock cement board (also known as Wonderboard) and Hardi-backer by the James Hardie Company. Your floors may also require Schluter Ditra, which is designed to prevent the tiles from cracking. We've written a good article on Ditra since we used it in our kitchen. Keep in mind that you will not be able to paint any wall where you install durock, but you can with hardi-backer. We normally run the tile all the way to the ceiling in our bath tub and shower areas, but do not tile the ceiling. There's one exception which we'll discuss later. Usually a bull nose finishes off the tile in the shower and bath tub area and extends about 6 inches beyond the bath tub or shower area. What other areas can have ceramic tiles? Using Wainscot We think that an option which makes for easier cleaning, is to install ceramic tile outside of the shower or bathtub area all around the remove. We usually run it about 39-42 inches above the floor. So in effect, their is a wainscot in the bathroom that includes a listella and/or border. The listellas and borders are simple decorative tiles. If you do this, then your ceramic tile, including the listella and border should extend above your bathroom vanity cabinet. Any water from washing and using the sink should hit the ceramic tile and not the bare wall. You also save money on tile and the installation. As shown below, just make sure that you run the listella all around the entire bathroom. The border is only used outside of the shower and bath tub area. Tile the entire bathroom Europeans usually tile the entire bathroom. This makes for easy cleaning. This makes sense if the shower or bathtub gets a lot of use and people take extra long showers. It also includes tiling the ceiling. This makes it easy to clean a bathroom and you don't have to worry about mold on the areas that are not tiled. We actually did this in one of our bathrooms. We different kinds of white tile to provide some interest. If you are going to tile a bathroom, make sure you have very good lighting especially if you use darker colored tiles. Also, we recommend installing green board drywall as an underlayment for the ceiling. Durock is just too heavy according to several ceramic tilers we talked to. Just the floor and base board For powder rooms this might be the way to go. We recommend a base board made of marble or tile to facilitate cleaning.